Fun Facts. Tripsavvy's Editorial Guidelines. Maryland developed into a plantation colony by the 18th century. The other belief is that the name was chosen in honor of Jesus Christ's mother Mary. Maryland is named after a queen […] Everyone who lived in Maryland was from England, so they spoke English. But other farmers planted corn, indigo plants, and rice. 12 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About The State Of Maryland. The Province of Maryland was an English and later British colony in North America that existed from 1632 until 1776, when it joined the other twelve of the Thirteen Colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of Maryland. Updated 10/02/19. The colony was established by Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore (also known as Lord Baltimore), who also governed the Colony of Newfoundland and the Province of Avalon. A historical marker for the Mason–Dixon Line. Naval Academy is located in Annapolis, Maryland. In this video you can find seven little known facts about Maryland. The Maryland Colony was one of the Southern Colonies which also included the Virginia Colony, the North Colony, the South Carolina Colony, and the Georgia Colony. In 1632, King Charles I of England granted a charter to George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore, yielding him proprietary rights to a region east of the Potomac River in exchange for a share of the income derived from the land. The idea for an English colony along the Chesapeake Bay where Catholics could live and worship in peace came from George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore. How much do you know about the Old Line State? With reference to the countryside around the bay, Smith exclaimed, “Heaven and earth seemed never to have agreed better to frame a place for man’s habitation.” Maryland - Maryland - The colony: In 1608 the English explorer Capt. Although it was created as a haven for English Catholics, many of the original settlers were Protestants. The Maryland Colony was one of the original 13 colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America. Maryland planters also made great use of the indentured servants and penal labor. Anti-Catholic actions occurred in the colony all the way up until the 18th century. The colony was established by Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore (also known as Lord Baltimore), who also governed the Colony of Newfoundland and the Province of Avalon. He also wished to found the colony for economic gain. The new colony was named Maryland in honor of Henrietta Maria, the queen consort of Charles I. George Calvert had previously been involved in a settlement in Newfoundland but, finding the land inhospitable, hoped this new colony would be a financial success.  Maryland's founding father was British colonist George Calvert, known as First Baron Baltimore. Maryland Colony Facts. Maryland Colony Facts: Pre-Revolution. Charles I, for his part, was to be given a share of the income that the new colony created. The 13 original colonies were divided into three regions which included the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. 1729 - The city of Baltimore is founded. Economy There were lots of crops in Maryland that were successful because of the good weather and soil. Famous Facts About Maryland. Check out this list full of things you may not have known about the state of Maryland. Maryland was named after Queen Henrietta Maria of England. (13 Colonies > Maryland Colony ) This generator generates a random fact from a large database on a chosen topic everytime you visit this page. The Maryland Colony was named after King Charles I’s wife Queen Henrietta Maria. Nicknames given to Maryland over the years include the Free State, and the Old Line State. The rest were Protestant indentured servants. Plantations often included everything they required to be self-sufficient including the main house, slave quarters, a laundry house, smokehouse, a dairy, a blacksmith's shop and several barns. Parts of the original Maryland Colony eventually became other states as Maryland ceded land that became part of Pennsylvania, and the District of Columbia. Lord Baltimore actually lost his proprietary rights and it was some time before his family was able to regain control of Maryland. Following the Protestant Reformation, Europe experienced a series of religious wars in the 16th and 17th centuries. However, with an influx of Catholics into Baltimore, laws were once again created to help protect against religious persecution. Multiple categories are supported. The Maryland Colony became a state on April 28. Interesting Maryland Facts: One belief is that Maryland's name was chosen to honor King Charles I's wife Queen Henrietta Maria. The first settlers of the Maryland Colony included a mix of about 200 Catholics and Protestants who had been promised land grants; they arrived on the ships the Ark and the Dove. Yet despite of its small size, Maryland leads in other areas. In 1700 there were about 25,000 people and by 1750 that had grown more than 5 times to 130,000. The Act of Toleration was passed in 1649 by Governor William Stone to protect those who believed in Jesus Christ. The settlers arrived at St. Clement's Island on March 25, 1634, and founded St. Mary's City. The Maryland Colony was named after King Charles I's wife Queen Henrietta Maria. Maryland . The tentative experiments of Gilbert and Raleigh had for their object mainly the establishing of trading posts, from which a search for gold and for a northwest passage to the Indies might be carried on. You have two groups of people who are both pulling on a rope, trying to pull the other side into a … What are facts about Maryland colony? He is the author of "The Everything American Presidents Book" and "Colonial Life: Government.". Even if you consider yourself to be an expert on Baltimore, you can impress your friends and family with these little-known facts about Charm City. In 1700 there were about 25,000 people and by 1750 that had grown more than 5 times to 130,000. The Maryland Colony's first settlement was St. Mary's City, which was built along the Chesapeake Bay. It is ranked as the 42nd largest state in U.S. Over the next 15 years, the number of Protestant settlers steadily increased, and there was fear that religious liberty would be taken away from the Catholic population. The Maryland Colony was one of America's first original 13 colonies. Interesting Facts. In 1632, he received a charter from King Charles I to found a colony east of the Potomac River. Maryland planters also made extensive use of indentured servants and penal labor. 1695 - Annapolis is made the capital city. The 13 Colonies of America. Facts about The Colony Of Maryland Cecil Calvert, 2nd Lord of Baltimore, founded Maryland in 1632. George and Cecil were the only Roman Catholics in the British Empire's history to be given a colony. The founding of Maryland marks the beginning of a new plan in colony building in North America. Major industry in the Maryland Colony included agriculture, iron works, shipbuilding and other manufacturing. Plantations grew tobacco, cotton, corn, vegetables, grains, and fruit. Keep watching and subscribe, as more states will follow! The first Lord Baltimore, a proud Catholic, envisioned the Maryland Colony as a place where English people would have religious freedom. The Maryland Colony was founded by Cecil Calvert, Lord Baltimore and others in 1633 at Baltimore. In 1776 the Maryland Colony signed the Declaration of Independence. This made it easier to grow crops year round but the warmer temperatures made it easier for disease to spread. It is approximately half that today. The original Maryland Colony encompassed a lot more land than it does today as the state of Maryland. Maryland's northern border was established after a legal dispute which resulted in the Mason-Dixon Line in 1763. They became heavily involved in the cultivation of tobacco, which was their primary cash crop along with wheat and corn. Here are some facts about Maryland: Maryland has 9,874 square miles of land area. Martin Kelly, M.A., is a history teacher and curriculum developer. Livestock was also commonly raised in the Maryland Colony. Even though Maryland is a small state it has great skiing resorts AND beach resorts. Although the settlers in the Maryland Colony grew a variety of crops, the major export was tobacco. It was a proprietary colony of Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore. The Maryland Colony was founded as a refuge for English Catholics. Some men were hunters, traders, slave traders, and fur traders. Maryland developed into a plantation colony by the 18th century. State abbreviation/Postal code: Md./MD Nicknames: Free State; Old Line State Origin of name: In honor of Henrietta Maria (queen of Charles I of England) Motto: "Fatti maschii, parole femine" (Manly deeds, womanly words) State symbols: Bird: Baltimore oriole (1947) Cat: Calico (2001) Crustacean: Blue crab (1989) Dinosaur: Astrodon (1998) Dog: Chesapeake Bay Retriever (1964) Fish: Rock fish (1965) Game species: Eastern gra… Maryland … George Calvert had been stripped of his title as Secretary of State in 1625 when he declared his Catholicism. However, this act was repealed in 1654 when outright conflict occurred and the Puritans took control of the colony. The Province of Maryland—also known as the Maryland Colony—was founded in 1632 as a safe haven for English Catholics fleeing anti-Catholic persecution in Europe. Interesting Maryland Colony Facts: The Maryland Colony’s original name was the Province of Maryland. 1634 - Leonard Calvert led English settlers to the new colony and founded the city of St. Mary's. Maryland is bordered by four other states in the USA. Before settlement began, George Calvert died and was succeeded by hi… By 1755, about 40% of Maryland’s population was black. When he died, his wife Diana inherited the business. We're betting at this place at this time we will have people ready for a change in the colony of maryland ~ Bob ehrlich Sir George Calvert, whose title was Lord Baltimore, was a Roman Catholic nobleman. Maryland Colony Facts. Sir Anthony Van Dyck's painting of King Charles I and Queen Henrietta Maria. … The Maryland Colony was founded as a refuge for English Catholics. The Most Important Inventions of the Industrial Revolution. Colony Named for: Queen Henrietta Maria of England Became a … There are 703 square miles of inland water in Maryland. 1664 - A law is passed allowing slavery in Maryland. The colony of Maryland was founded by Sir George Calvert, also known as Lord Baltimore, in 1632. In 1649, Maryland passed the Maryland Toleration Act, the first law in the New World designed to encourage religious tolerance. She lives in Baltimore, Maryland. Interestingly, although the Maryland Colony was ostensibly founded as a refuge for Catholics, only 17 of the original settlers were Catholic. Many men of Maryland Colony are farmers and mostly they plant tobbaco.  People who live in MD or who come from Maryland are referred to as Marylanders. Maryland was a proprietary colony, meaning that a proprietor—and individual who was granted the land from England—ruled the colony. William Nuthead started the first printing business in St. Mary’s City in 1685. The territory was named Maryland in honor of Henrietta Maria, the queen consort of Charles I. John Smith sailed into Chesapeake Bay and stayed for several weeks to map the shoreline. Maryland's capital city is Annapolis, and its largest city is Baltimore. Have you ever played a game of ''tug of war?'' It originally covered approximately 12 million acres. Maryland was the first state to designate a state exercise: walking. In England, Catholics faced widespread discrimination; for example, they were not allowed to hold public office, and in 1666 they were blamed for the Great Fire of London. The first colonists to Maryland arrive at St. Clements Island on Marylands western shore and found the settlement of St. Marys. The early settlements in the Maryland Colony often clustered around its rivers and waterways, in particular those that emptied into Chesapeake Bay. Maryland's signers included Samuel Chase, William Paca, Charles Carroll, and Thomas Stone. The first governor of the colony was Cecil Calvert's brother, Leonard. The state’s capital is Annapolis. Calvert died before the land could be settled, and the establishing of the colony fell to his son Cecil, Second Baron Baltimore. Fast Facts: Maryland Colony . The Province of Maryland—also known as the Maryland Colony—was founded in 1632 as a safe haven for English Catholics fleeing anti-Catholic persecution in Europe. We’re aware that … Share Pin Email Greg Pease / Getty Images. That same year, Lord Baltimore died, and the charter was given to his son, Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore. The 13 original colonies were divided into three regions which included the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. The recorded history of Maryland dates back to the beginning of European exploration, starting with the Venetian John Cabot, who explored the coast of North America for the Kingdom of England in 1498. De Kolonie van Maryland werd opgericht in 1632 na zijn handvest door koning Charles I. werd goedgekeurd Het was een eigen kolonie van Cecil Calvert, de tweede Lord Baltimore. By 1755, about 40% of Maryland's population was black. The Maryland Colony was one of America's first original 13 colonies. Yet Maryland has become a recognized national leader in the fight against urban decay and sprawl. What Happened to the Lost Colony of Roanoke? The Maryland Colony was founded by Cecil Calvert, Lord Baltimore and others in 1633 at Baltimore. Cecil's father, George Calvert, had received a royal charter for the land from King Charles I. Finding the laws against the Roman Catholics in England severe, he resolved One of the original 13 colonies, Maryland lies at the center of the Eastern Seaboard, amid the great commercial and population complex that stretches from Maine to Virginia. Their cash crop was tobacco, but they did grow many other crops, such as … Can you name them? Maryland - Maryland - Cultural life: Maryland has its share of such nationwide phenomena as the decay of cities, little restraint on commercial development in some suburban and rural areas, and loss of local cultural distinctiveness. She was the first female licensed as a printer in the colonies. There are only eight other states in the USA that are smaller than Maryland. The climate in the Maryland Colony was much warmer than in the New England and Middle Colonies. Major cities in the Maryland Colony included Baltimore and Annapolis. Some parts of daily life were remarkably different, such as the clothing Maryland citizens wore and their modes of commuting and transportation. The Maryland Colony Background. It was the first settlement in the New World to guarantee religious freedom for all Trinitarian Christians. The Maryland Colony was classified as … 1632 - The royal charter for the colony of Maryland is granted to George Calvert. The National Aquarium is located in Baltimore, Maryland. Although the charter had been originally issued to George Calvert, 1. The Maryland Colony was the last of the 13 colonies to ratify the Articles of Confederation, which it did in 1781. The original 13 colonies were divided into three geographic areas consisting of the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. Maryland (nicknamed: Cockade State, Free State, Monumental State, Old Line State, Terrapin State) has 24 counties. Maryland is one of the smallest states in the United States, covering only 12,407 sq miles. The Maryland Colony was founded in 1632 after its charter was approved by King Charles I. Like other settlements in the New World, the Maryland Colony was established as a religious refuge. Natural resources in the Maryland Colony included forests, fish, and good farming land. In the colonial era, children went to school, as they do now, to learn key skills in the core academic areas of … So you think you’re a trivia buff? Plantations in the Maryland Colony were dominated by tobacco, and as prices dropped the plantation owners grew to rely heavily on slaves to maximize profits. The Maryland Colony was the last of the 13 colonies to ratify the Articles of Confederation, which it did in 1781. Libby Zay. Its first settlement and capital was St. Mary's City, in the southern end of St. Mary's County, which is a peninsula in the Chesapeake Bay and is also bordered by four tidal … Founded: 1633 by Lord Baltimore and others, at Baltimore Major Industry: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (corn, wheat, rice, indigo) Major Cities: Baltimore, Annapolis. Since their main reason of establishing the colony was for freedom to practice Catholicism, their religion was predominantly Catholic. 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